Metal Recycling In Developing Countries
Metal has been stated to be capable of being used so many times. This is a theory that many people believe now, which became the center of practice in recycling metals. Using metal for many times can also minimize the necessity to mine as well as process materials. Thus, it can lead to saving substantial amount of energy as well as water. And, while this is enabled, environmental degradation is also minimized. This means that when recycling of metals is raised worldwide, the risk of low-carbon transition can be minimized and a resource-efficient green economy can be formed. All of these will be possible while assistance in generating job is being taken care of.
That is what the Executive Director of UNEP has said. It is stated in the report concerning metal recycling that there are three things that can efficiently help in boosting this area of the industry. These are:
- Creation of smarter product designs
- Providing support to developing countries concerning waste management plans
- Encouraging households in developed countries to avoid saving of old electronic goods in their closets and drawers.
It is also stated in the report that metal recycling rates in most cases are lower compared to its potential to be reused. From the report, only one third percent and less have a rate of over 50% in end of life recycling. Only 34 elements are under less than one percent for recycling. However, many of these elements are necessary in cleaning technologies like batteries which are meant for hybrid car usage and magnet for wind turbines.
Many of the countries are now making an effort in metal recycling. But, there is still an issue in this since the rate of metal recycling is so low. Even the establishment of a recycling society seems like a distant hope only.
Even with the efforts put on recycling metals in some developed countries, it is still seen as something that would not work. That development of national recycling plans, financing as well as transferring of high-tech equipment is still not enough. There are other countries that thought of building a state of art recycling plants. However, the establishment of this was held back due to the lack of comprehensive collection network. The competition from lower cost informal sector also contributed to the plan to have these recycling plants.
Fortunately, not all developed countries are experiencing the same results in their effort to have comprehensive metal recycling plans. It was cited in a report that Mexico, South Africa, Brazil, Columbia and Morocco have the potential to bring in state of the art recycling technologies. It is due to the fact that these countries’ informal waste sector is rather small.
As of now, there are organizations and programs that helped these countries learn about what can help in establishing practices that are more sustainable. Once these developing countries learn more about metal recycling and how it can be done efficiently, the possibility of getting the benefits from it will begin. Energy consumption and utilization of other materials will be reduced and less material will be directed to landfills. And soon, there is the possibility of a greener society to be developed.